As 2019 draws to a close, Florida Policy Institute (FPI) counts down the 10 charts and graphics that convey some of the state’s most pressing budget and policy issues, as well as those that show new opportunities for state revenue.
The Department of Children and Families (DCF) is the primary state agency providing treatment and recovery services through community-based providers. It estimates that 94,000 Floridians aged 12 or older had unmet treatment needs in 2015-2016.
While the Florida Legislature has appropriated some new general revenue for combating the opioid epidemic, the source of most new funding is through time-limited federal grants due to expire in 2020.
But there are significant shortcomings to grant funding, which is not nearly enough to meet the need. Plus, such funding is not guaranteed from year to year — this makes providers hesitant to expand services and make longer term investments in new treatment sites.
Once federal grant funding ends, Florida will face a significant "funding cliff," presenting a large budget challenge for the state Legislature. Medicaid expansion would fill this budget hole and increase the state's capacity to meet the needs of residents.
The Sunshine State has one of the most regressive tax systems in the nation due to Florida’s heavy reliance on sales tax as a source of revenue coupled with the lack of a state income tax.
TANF provides temporary cash assistance to families with very low income to help parents take care of their children during an upheaval in their lives. In Florida, almost 95 percent of all TANF recipients are children.
The maximum TANF benefit for families in Florida (e.g. $303 for a family of three) is only about 17 percent of the poverty line, which is far too low. In fact, TANF benefit levels in Florida are about 27 percent of fair market rents and, even if a family receives both SNAP and TANF, those benefits combined keep the family under 47 percent of the poverty line.
Thirteen states allow all residents — regardless of immigration status — access to driver’s licenses. A recent FPI report found that implementing this commonsense policy would generate about $68.6 million in revenue within the first three years.
The state ranks 47th in the nation for its availability of affordable housing, with only 26 affordable and available housing units for every 100 extremely low-income households. The continued sweep of the Sadowski Affordable Housing Trust Fund, dollars meant to be earmarked for affordable housing only, has contributed to this shortage.
Twenty-nines tates and Washington, DC have adopted state Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) programs. Florida should follow suit, and the opportunity is ripe for creating a state-level program. A bill to study the implementation of a Working Persons Tax Rebate has been introduced by Senator Jose Javier Rodriguez. This proposed program would provide a rebate of up to 10 percent of the federal EITC benefit, which would amount to an extra $250 per tax return, on average. In total, a 10 percent state EITC would bring $522 million back into the pockets of working families and individuals — not to mention the ripple effects throughout local and state economies.
Florida, like other states without an income tax, relies heavily on state sales and excise taxes. Families with low to moderate income pay a greater share of their income on sales and excise taxes. As they use more of their household budgets to purchase things they need, they spend more on sales and use taxes, fueling Florida’s upside-down tax system.
They have income below the federal poverty level, which is too low to qualify for tax credits and federal marketplace subsidies, but their wages are considered too high in Florida to be eligible for Medicaid benefits.
Those in the gap include adults without children, parents/caretakers and people with disabilities.
Florida lawmakers continue to increase the state’s “silent spending,” or tax expenditures in the form of credits, deductions and exemptions, while underfunding critical public services like mental health care, safety net programs and K-12 education.
Florida ranks 50th in the nation in per person investment in public services. On average, states have increased investment in these areas as their economies improved after the Great Recession, yet Florida has experienced a downward trend. Across the board, as the state continues to underinvest in critical priorities, families who struggle to make ends meet — particularly families in communities of color — are hurt the most.