After Governor DeSantis vetoed $295.5 million in education spending for the FY 2020-21 budget, Florida's total education budget still grew by $732 million over the previous budget year. However, many education proponents and local leaders, pointing to the twin pressures of the COVID-19 crisis and population growth, contend that the funding is far from enough. The COVID-19 pandemic caused childcare centers, schools, colleges, and universities across the state to close their doors and move online. At the very time that schools need extra resources to provide a healthy environment, the revenues that propel education in the state have steeply declined.
In March 2020, Congress passed the CARES Act, which earmarked $30.75 billion to K-12 and higher education systems. Florida received $2.04 billion through the CARES Act’s Education Stabilization Fund, more than one-third of which — $693 million — went directly to school districts to help with a range of COVID-19 response related expenses.
Higher education institutions in the state directly received $874 million, half of which was required to go directly to students.
DeSantis has broad discretion to spend the remaining $475 million. Of the $224 million earmarked for childcare support, his office earmarked $86 million for safety net reserves and $136 million to support childcare centers and childcare for first responders and health care workers, and to ensure that no parents lost their school readiness subsidies during the crisis.
DeSantis is aiming the remaining $251 million mostly at supports to reduce the “achievement gap” by funding reading coaches, reading and civics curriculum, and data collection. The governor also has earmarked $35 million toward short-term industry certificate programs and $2.5 million toward a “Job Market Dashboard.” Notably, DeSantis also vetoed the entire budget — $29.4 million — for Complete Florida, a program that helps adults complete their degrees online, and also served as a hub for online learning resources for schools and libraries across the state.
Education Stabilization Funds are not included in the 2020-21 budget passed by Legislature in March. While the initial funding boost is helpful, many school leaders are sounding the alarm that more federal support for schools is critical. On April 28th, 2020, the superintendents of Broward, Orange, Miami Dade, Duval, Palm Beach, and Pinellas school districts joined a letter sent to Congress calling for $175 billion more in education stabilization funds.