Cindy Huddleston
July 1, 2021

Food Insecurity: An Unintended Consequence of Florida's Emergency Declaration Expiring

This post was last updated on September 29, 2021. As new policies are announced, FPI will update this page.

As Florida’s response to COVID-19 takes front and center, concern grows for low-income families who struggle to take precautions against the spread of the virus. Although Congress has passed the Families First Coronavirus Response Act to address, at least in part,  the public health crisis and economic fallout from COVID-19, many barriers continue to keep struggling families from accessing the assistance they need during the pandemic. As Florida initiates policies implementing the Act and addressing other barriers to the safety net, FPI will update this form. When available, hyperlinks are provided to agency documents or statements that provide greater detail  about the new policy.

On March 22, 2020, FPI and 44 other organizations sent a letter to Governor DeSantis, leadership in the Legislature and agency heads to urge action on 47 specific policy changes to reduce unnecessary barriers for Florida’s safety net programs in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. See the letter here.

Florida no longer has a COVID-19 emergency declaration in place. Both of the state’s emergency declarations for the pandemic expired the weekend of June 26-27 with little fanfare.

There are 1.83 million households in Florida who participate in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) to put food on the table. Congress has been allowing states to provide Emergency SNAP Allotments (EA) during the pandemic to bring a family’s benefits up to the maximum for a household of their size. However, this is only in the event there is both a federal and state COVID-related emergency declaration in place. For example, for a household of two, Floridians get anywhere from between $19 and $430 in SNAP, depending on their income and expenses without EA. But, thanks to EA, two-person households in Florida automatically get $430, the maximum SNAP for their household size, so long as Florida has its own COVID emergency declaration.

In terms of who gets hurt the most by pulling the plug on EA, in Florida, more than 60 percent of families participating in SNAP have children, 47 percent contain seniors or people who have a disability, and 39 percent are working.

In June 2021, more than 1.7 million households in the state received more than $286 million in  EA benefits  alone. This influx of aid has helped  not only  families, but also the local communities where they buy groceries, many of which are still reeling from the economic downturn caused by COVID-19.   

Also, it’s not as if COVID-19 is ancient history, especially with spread of the Delta variant. In the past week alone, roughly 12,000 Floridians tested positive for COVID-19.

Losing Florida’s state-issued emergency declaration will put an end to EA and most of the additional SNAP benefits that have been authorized for Floridians because of the pandemic. Only the extra 15 percent that Congress has added on to everyone’s SNAP benefits will continue, at least through September.  That’s because this 15 percent is mandated by Congress and is not a state option or contingent on Florida’s emergency declaration.

EA has gone a long way to help address hunger caused or exacerbated by the financial impact of the pandemic. In a survey of Florida households conducted by the Census Bureau from May 12, 2021, through June 7, 2021, 13 percent of adults living with children reported that their kids were not eating enough because the household could not afford food. Fifteen percent of renters said that they were not caught up on rent, and 27 percent reported that they were having trouble paying for their household’s usual expenses.

Governor DeSantis should renew the COVID-19 emergency declaration for Florida. Floridians are still stretched thin and need the extra benefits.

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Improving Safety Net Policy in Response to COVID-19

Urging lawmakers to preserve safety net programs in the time of COVID-19

Learn More