Local governments rely on state support to provide programs and services that meet the needs of their residents. From public safety and transportation, to culture and recreation, state dollars are crucial for counties, municipalities and school districts, especially those in rural areas. This funding allows local governments to provide a range of programs and services, and to perform general government functions. Without this support, local governments would be forced to either cut programs or raise taxes locally to fill funding gaps.
On November 6, Florida voters will decide on Amendment 5, which would make it much harder for the state to provide adequate support to municipal and county governments. The measure would require a two-thirds (supermajority) vote of the state Legislature to approve any new state revenues, taxes and fees, or to eliminate tax incentives, loopholes and other such expenditures.
Florida currently has the wrong priorities, giving special tax breaks to big corporations while cutting funding for local governments to provide essential programs and services. Amendment 5 locks in these failed priorities before the state has a chance to recover from deep cuts following the Great Recession and a supermajority requirement would likely require huge funding cuts in the wake of another fiscal crisis. Amendment 5 would unnecessarily restrict investments in Florida’s future.
State support is critical for large-scale projects like infrastructure, transportation and affordable housing. These are significant investments that require a partnership between state and local governments to adequately plan and fund. In 2016, the state provided a total of $2.8 billion across counties, which accounted for 7 percent of all county budgets (see the Appendix for county-by-county details).State support for municipalities totaled $1.5 billion, accounting for 4.2 percent of all municipal budgets.